美国参议院通过修订关税法法案

发布日期:2012-03-06  编辑: 徐铮 律师  来源: 本站原创

新华网华盛顿3月5日电(记者王宗凯 阳建)美国参议院5日投票通过一项修订《1930年关税法》的法案,以便对中国和越南等所谓“非市场经济国家”征收反补贴税。

该法案在正式生效前还需美国众议院投票表决和美国总统奥巴马签署,预计众议院最早将于6日投票。

美国联邦法院去年12月19日作出一项裁决,认为依照美国关税法,美国商务部无权对非市场经济国家商品征收反补贴税。该法院认为非市场经济国家的政府支出不能作为“补贴”计算,这也意味着奥巴马政府自2009年9月份对中国轮胎执行的特保案缺少法律基础。

美国贸易代表罗恩·柯克2月29日在众议院听证时表示,联邦法院的裁决损害了美国的贸易执法能力。美国参众两院在听证会结束后很快起草了修订美国关税法的法案,旨在推翻联邦法院的裁决。

美国游说团体经济增长俱乐部敦促议员否决这一法案,因为这表明国会想要升级与中国的贸易战。

美国经济复苏进程依然较为缓慢,导致国内贸易保护主义抬头。中国商务部多次表示,希望美国政府恪守反对贸易保护主义承诺,共同维护自由、开放、公正的国际贸易环境,以更加理性的方法妥善处理贸易摩擦。

以下为该法案全文:

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-112s2153es/html/BILLS-112s2153es.htm

[Congressional Bills 112th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 2153 Engrossed in Senate (ES)]

112th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 2153

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

 To apply the countervailing duty provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930
        to nonmarket economy countries, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. APPLICATION OF COUNTERVAILING DUTY PROVISIONS TO NONMARKET
              ECONOMY COUNTRIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 701 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C.
1671) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Applicability to Proceedings Involving Nonmarket Economy
Countries.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the
        merchandise on which countervailing duties shall be imposed
        under subsection (a) includes a class or kind of merchandise
        imported, or sold (or likely to be sold) for importation, into
        the United States from a nonmarket economy country.
            ``(2) Exception.--A countervailing duty is not required to
        be imposed under subsection (a) on a class or kind of
        merchandise imported, or sold (or likely to be sold) for
        importation, into the United States from a nonmarket economy
        country if the administering authority is unable to identify
        and measure subsidies provided by the government of the
        nonmarket economy country or a public entity within the
        territory of the nonmarket economy country because the economy
        of that country is essentially comprised of a single entity.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (f) of section 701 of the Tariff
Act of 1930, as added by subsection (a) of this section, applies to--
            (1) all proceedings initiated under subtitle A of title VII
        of that Act (19 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.) on or after November 20,
        2006;
            (2) all resulting actions by U.S. Customs and Border
        Protection; and
            (3) all civil actions, criminal proceedings, and other
        proceedings before a Federal court relating to proceedings
        referred to in paragraph (1) or actions referred to in
        paragraph (2).

SEC. 2. ADJUSTMENT OF ANTIDUMPING DUTY IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS RELATING
              TO IMPORTS FROM NONMARKET ECONOMY COUNTRIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 777A of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C.
1677f-1) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Adjustment of Antidumping Duty in Certain Proceedings
Relating to Imports From Nonmarket Economy Countries.--
            ``(1) In general.--If the administering authority
        determines, with respect to a class or kind of merchandise from
        a nonmarket economy country for which an antidumping duty is
        determined using normal value pursuant to section 773(c),
        that--
                    ``(A) pursuant to section 701(a)(1), a
                countervailable subsidy (other than an export subsidy
                referred to in section 772(c)(1)(C)) has been provided
                with respect to the class or kind of merchandise,
                    ``(B) such countervailable subsidy has been
                demonstrated to have reduced the average price of
                imports of the class or kind of merchandise during the
                relevant period, and
                    ``(C) the administering authority can reasonably
                estimate the extent to which the countervailable
                subsidy referred to in subparagraph (B), in combination
                with the use of normal value determined pursuant to
                section 773(c), has increased the weighted average
                dumping margin for the class or kind of merchandise,
        the administering authority shall, except as provided in
        paragraph (2), reduce the antidumping duty by the amount of the
        increase in the weighted average dumping margin estimated by
        the administering authority under subparagraph (C).
            ``(2) Maximum reduction in antidumping duty.--The
        administering authority may not reduce the antidumping duty
        applicable to a class or kind of merchandise from a nonmarket
        economy country under this subsection by more than the portion
        of the countervailing duty rate attributable to a
        countervailable subsidy that is provided with respect to the
        class or kind of merchandise and that meets the conditions
        described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph
        (1).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (f) of section 777A of the Tariff
Act of 1930, as added by subsection (a) of this section, applies to--
            (1) all investigations and reviews initiated pursuant to
        title VII of that Act (19 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.) on or after the
        date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) subject to subsection (c) of section 129 of the Uruguay
        Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3538), all determinations
        issued under subsection (b)(2) of that section on or after the
        date of the enactment of this Act.

            Passed the Senate March 5, 2012.

            Attest:

                                                             Secretary.
112th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                                S. 2153

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

 To apply the countervailing duty provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930
        to nonmarket economy countries, and for other purposes.

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